List of publications and patents
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2021
 J. Preimesberger, S. Kang, Y. Chen, K. An, and C. B. Arnold, “Investigating MechanoElectrochemical Coupling Phenomenon in LithiumIon Pouch Cells Using Insitu Neutron Diffraction” ECS Transcations., 2021, 104, 75 (2021).  Full text  View at publisher
 X. Xu, S. Ozden, C. B. Arnold, S. S. Datta, And R. D. Priestley, “A Bioinspired Elastic Hydrogel for SolarDriven Water Purification” Adv. Mater.., 2021, 2007833(2021).  Full text  View at publisher
 P. S. Owuor, A. Khan, C. L. Y. Leon, S. Ozden, R. Priestley, C. B. Arnold, N. Chopra, And C. S. Tiwary, “Roadblocks Faced by Graphene in Replacing Graphite in Largescale Applications” Oxford Open Materials Science., 1, 1, itab004 (2021).  Full text  View at publisher
 S. Ozden, N. S. Dutta, K. Randazzo, T. Tsafack, C. B. Arnold, and R. Priestley, “Interfacial Engineering to Tailor the Properties of Multifunctional Ultralight Weight hBNPolymer Composite Aerogels” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces., 13, 11, 13620 (2021).  Full text  View at publisher
2020
 V. Augustyn, R. Wang, N. Balke, and C. B. Arnold, “Deformation during Electrosorption and InsertionType Charge Storage: Origins, Characterization, and Design of Materials for High Power” ACS Energy Lett., 5, 11, 3548 (2020).  Full text  View at publisher
 W. Zhang, W. Hou, L. Deike and C. B. Arnold, “Using a Duallaser System to Create Periodic Coalescence in Laser Powder Bed Fusion” Acta Mater., 201, 14 (2020).  Full text  View at publisher
 X. M. Liu, and C. B. Arnold, “Effects of Current Density on DefectInduced Capacity Fade through Localized Plating in LithiumIon Batteries” J. Electrochem. Soc, 167, 130519 (2020).  Full text  View at publisher
 J. I. Preimsberger, S.Y. Kang, and C. B. Arnold, “Figures of Merit for Piezoelectrochemical EnergyHarvesting Systems” Joule, 4, 1910 (2020).  Full text  View at publisher
 S.Y. Kang, M. Duocastella, and C. B. Arnold, “Variable optical elements for fast focus control” Nat. Photonics, 14, 533 (2020).  Full text  View at publisher
 X. Du, S.Y. Kang, and C. B. Arnold, “Optimization of ultrafast axial scanning parameters for efficient pulsed laser micromachining” J. Mat. Proc. Tech, 288, 116850 (2020).  Full text  View at publisher
 N. S. Dutta, N. K. Noel, and C. B. Arnold, “Crystalline Nature of Colloids in Methylammonium Lead Halide Perovskite Precursor Inks Revealed by CryoElectron Microscopy.” J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 11, 5980 (2020).  Full text  View at publisher
 W. Zhang, K. Wong, M. Morales, C. Molpeceres, and C. B. Arnold, “Implications of using two lowpower continuouswave lasers for polishing.” Int. J. Extrem. Manuf., 2, 035101 (2020).  Full text  View at publisher
 N. S. Dutta, J. M. P. Almeida, C. R. Mendonça, and C. B. Arnold, “Effects of disorder on twophoton absorption in amorphous semiconductors.” Optics Letters,, 45, (12) 3228 (2020).  Full text  View at publisher
 W. Chang, J. H. Park, N. S. Dutta, C. B. Arnold, and D. A. Steingart, “Morphological and chemical mapping of columnar lithium metal” Chem. Mater., 32 (7), 2803 (2020).  Full text  View at publisher
 F. Wang, Z. Wang, D. Mao, M. Chen, Q. Li, T. Kananen, D. Fang, A. Soman, X. Hu, C. B. Arnold, and T Gu “Light emission from selfassembled and lasercrystallizedChalcogenide Metasurface.” Adv. Optical Mater., 8, 1901236 (2020).  Full text  View at publisher
 N. S. Dutta, P. Shao, K. Gong, C. E. White, N. Yao, and C. B. Arnold,” Understanding solution processing of inorganic materials using cryoEM” Opt. Mater. Express. , 10(1), 119 (2020)  Full text  View at publisher
2019
 N. K. Noel, S. N. Habisreutinger, A. Pellaroque, F. Pulvirenti, B. Wenger, F. Zhang, YH. Lin, O. G. Reid, J.Leisen, Y. Zhang, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, A. Kahn, H. J. Snaith, C.B Arnold, B. P Rand,” Interfacial chargetransfer doping of metal halide perovskites for high performance photovoltaics” Energy Environ. Sci., 12, 3063 (2019)  Full text  View at publisher
 X.Song, G. Cheng, D. Weber, F. Pielnhofer, S. Lei, S. Klemenz, YW Yeh, K.A. Filsinger, C. B. Arnold, N.Yao, L. M. Schoop, “Soft Chemical Synthesis of HxCrS2: An Antiferromagnetic Material with Alternating Amorphous and Crystalline Layers” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 141, 15634 (2019)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. Turkoz, A. Perazzo, L. Deike, H. A. Stone and C. B. Arnold, "Depositiononcontact regime and the effect of donoracceptor distance during laserinduced forward transfer of viscoelastic liquids" Opt. Mater. Express., 7, 2738 (2019)  Full text  View at publisher
 M. K. Fu, T.H. Chen, C. B. Arnold, M. Hultmark, "Experimental investigations of liquid‑infused surface robustness under turbulent flow" Exp. Fluids., 60, 100 (2019)  Full text  View at publisher
 S. Kang, J. Preimesberger, and C. B. Arnold, "Varying power generation in ultra lowfrequency mechanical energy harvesting of piezoelectrochemical materials" J. Electrochem. Soc., 166, 8 (2019)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. Turkoz, S. Kang, X. Du, L. Deike, and C. B. Arnold, "Reduction of transfer threshold energy for laserinduced jetting of liquids using Faraday waves" Phys. Rev. Appl., 11, 054022 (2019)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. Chen, K. Lim, S. Bandini, G. Harris, J. Spechler, C.B. Arnold, R. Fardel, J. E. Schwarzbauer, and J.Schwartz, “Controlling the Surface Chemistry of a Hydrogel for Spatially Defined Cell Adhesion” ACS Appl. Mat. And Int., 11, 15411 (2019)  Full text  View at publisher
2018
 E. Turkoz, M. Morales, S. Kang, A. Perazzo, H. A. Stone, C. Molpeceres, and C. B. Arnold, "Laserinduced forward transfer from healing silver paste films," Appl. Phys. Lett., 113, 221601 (2018)  Full text  View at publisher
 Y. Wang, H. Jeong, M. Chowdhury, C. B. Arnold, and R. D. Priestley, "Exploiting physical vapor deposition for morphological control in semicrystalline polymer films," Polymer Crystallization, e10021 (2018)  Full text  View at publisher
 N. S. Dutta, and C. B. Arnold, "Concentration dependence of As_{2}S_{3} chalcogenide glass cluster size in amine solution," RSC Adv., 8, 3581935823 (2018)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. M. P. Almeida, K. T. Paula, C. B. Arnold, and C. R. Mendonça, "Subwavelength selforganization of chalcogenide glass by direct laser writing," Opt. Mat., 84, 259262 (2018)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. Turkoz, S. Kang, L. Deike, and C. B. Arnold, "Subthreshold laser jetting via flowfocusing in laserinduced forward transfer," Phys. Rev. Fluids, 3, 082201(R) (2018)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. Turkoz, J. M. LopezHerrera, J. Eggers, C. B. Arnold and L. Deike, "Axisymmetric simulation of viscoelastic filament thinning with the OldroydB model," J. Fluid. Mech., 851, R2 (2018)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. Turkoz, A. Perazzo, C. B. Arnold, and H. A. Stone, "Salt type and concentration affect the viscoelasticity of polyelectrolyte solutions," Appl. Phys. Lett., 112, 203701 (2018)  Full text  View at publisher
 X. M. Liu, A. Fang, M. P. Haataja, and C.B. Arnold, "Size dependence of transport nonuniformities on localized plating in lithiumion batteries," J. Electochem. Soc., 165, A1147A1155 (2018)  Full text  View at publisher
 S. Kang, E. Dotsenko, D. Amrhein, C. Theriault, and C. B. Arnold, "Ultrahighspeed variable focus optics for novel applications in advanced imaging," Proc. SPIE., 10539, 1053902 (2018)  Full text  View at publisher
 H. Jeong, M. Chowdhury, Y. Wang, M. SezenEdmonds, Y. L. Loo, R. A. Register, C.B. Arnold, and R.D. Priestley, "Tuning morphology and melting temperature in polyethylene films by MAPLE," Macromolecules, 51, 512519 (2018)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. Turkoz, A. Perazzo, H. Kim, H.A. Stone, and C.B. Arnold, "Impulsively induced jets from viscoelastic films for highresolution printing," Phys. Rev. Lett., 120, 074501 (2018)  Full text  View at publisher
 T.H. Chen, R. Fardel, and C. B. Arnold, "Ultrafast zscanning for highefficiency laser micromachining," Light: Science & Applications, 7, 17181 (2018)  Full text  View at publisher
 G.F.B. Almeida, J.M.P. Almeida, R.J. Martins, L. De Boni, C.B. Arnold and C.R. Mendonca, "Thirdorder optical nonlinearities in bulk and fslaser inscribed waveguides in strengthened alkali aluminosilcate glass," Laser Physics, 28, 0154016 (2018)  Full text  View at publisher
2017
 S. B. Bandini, J. A. Spechler, P. E. Donnelly, K. Lim, C. B. Arnold, J. E. Schwarzbauer and J. Schwartz, "Perforation does not compromise patterned twodimensional substrates for cell attachment and aligned spreading," ACS Biomater. Sci. Eng. , 51, 471476 (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 K. M. Lee, R. Fardel, L. Zhao, C. B. Arnold, and B. P. Rand, "Enhanced outcoupling in flexible organic lightemitting diodes on scattering polyimide substrates," Organic Electronics , 51, 471476 (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. Turkoz, L. Deike, and C. B. Arnold, "Comparison of jets from Newtonian and nonNewtonian fluids induced by blisteractuated laserinduced forward transfer (BALIFT)," Appl. Phys. A , 123, 10 (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 C. NistLund, J. Herb, and C. B. Arnold, "Improving halidecontaining magnesiumion electrolyte performance via sterically hindered alkoxide ligands," Journal of Power Sources , 362, 308314 (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 M.T. Wei, S. ElbaumGarfinkle, A. S. Holehouse, C. C.H. Chen, M. Feric, C. B Arnold, R. D. Priestley, R. V. Pappu, and C. P. Brangwynne, "Phase behavior of disordered proteins underlying low density and high permeability of liquid organelles," Nature Chemistry, 9, 11181125 (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 T. Gu, J. Gao, E. E. Ostroumov, H. Jeong, F. Wu, R. Fardel, N. Yao, R. D. Priestley, and C. B. Arnold, "Photoluminescence of functionalized germanium nanocrystals embedded in arsenic sulfide glass," ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 9, 22 (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 Z. J. Schiffer, and C. B. Arnold, "Characterization and model of piezoelectrochemical energy harvesting using lithium ion batteries," Exp. Mech., (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. Herb, C. NistLund, and C. B. Arnold, "A fluorinated dialkoxidebased magnesiumion electrolyte," J. Mater. Chem. A, 5, 78017805 (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 T.H. Chen, J. T. Ault, H.A. Stone, C. B. Arnold, "Highspeed axialscanning widefield microscopy for volumetric particle tracking velocimetry," Exp. Fluids, , 58, 41 (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 M. Duocastella, C. B, Arnold, and J. Puchalla, "Selectable LightSheet Uniformity Using Tuned Axial Scanning," J. Microscopy. Res. Tech. , 80, 250259, (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 T. Gu, H. Jeong, K. Yang, F. Wu, N. Yao, R.D. Priestley, C.E. White, C.B. Arnold, "Anisotropic crystallization in solution processed chalcogenide thin film by linearly polarized laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. , 110, 041904, (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 T.H. Chen, Y.C. Tsai, R. Fardel, C. B. Arnold, "Generation of nanoscale anticounterfeiting patterns on silicon by optical trap assisted nanopatterning," J. Laser Appl. , 29, 012006 (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 M. K. Fu, C. P. Byers, T.H. Chen, C. B. Arnold, M. Hultmark, "Elastic Filament Velocimetry (EFV)," Meas. Sci. Technol. , 28, 025301 (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 H. Jeong, S. Napolitano, C. B. Arnold, R. D. Priestley, "Irreversible adsorption controls crystallization in vapordeposited polymer thin films," J. Phys. Chem. Lett. , 8, 229234, (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. M. P. Almeida, E. C. Barbano, C. B. Arnold, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonça, "Nonlinear optical waveguides in As_{2}S_{3}Ag_{2}S chalcogenide glass thin films," Optical Mat. Express , 7, 9399, (2017)  Full text  View at publisher
2016
 J. Herb, C. NistLund, and C. B. Arnold, "A Fluorinated Alkoxyaluminate Electrolyte for MagnesiumIon Batteries," ACS Energy Lett. , 1, (6) 1227–1232, (2016)  Full text  View at publisher
 X. M. Liu, C. B. Arnold, "Effects of Cycling Ranges on Stress and Capacity Fade in LithiumIon Pouch Cells,"J. Electochem. Soc., 163, (13) A2501A2507 (2016)  Full text  View at publisher
 H. Jeong, K. B. Shepard, G. E. Purdum, Y. Guo, Y.L. Loo, C. B. Arnold, and R. D. Priestley, "Additive Growth and Crystallization of Polymer Films,"Macromolecules, 49, 2860 (2016)  Full text  View at publisher
 D. MunozMartin, C. F. Brasz, Y. Chen, M. Morales, C. B. Arnold, and C. Molpeceres, "Laserinduced forward transfer of highviscosity silver pastes,"Appl. Surf. Sci., 366, 389 (2016)  Full text  View at publisher
 M. Duocastella, C. Theriault and C.B. Arnold, "Threedimensional particle tracking via tunable colorencoded multiplexing,"Optics Lett., 41, 863 (2016)  Full text  View at publisher
 Z. J. Schiffer, J. Cannarella, and C. B. Arnold, "Strain Derivatives for Practical Charge Rate Characterization of Lithium Ion Electrodes,"J. Electochem. Soc., 163, A427 (2016)  Full text  View at publisher
2015
 J. A. Spechler, T.W. Koh, J. T. Herb, B. P. Rand, and C. B. Arnold, "A Transparent, Smooth, Thermally Robust, Conductive Polyimide for Flexible Electronics,"Adv. Funct. Mater. (2015)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. Cannarella and C. B. Arnold, "Toward lowfrequency mechanical energy harvesting using energy dense piezoelectrochemical materials,"Adv. Mater. (2015)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. M. P. Almeida, C. Lu, C. R. Mendonça, and C. B. Arnold, "Singlestep synthesis of silver sulfide nanocrystals in arsenic trisulfide,"Opt. Mater. Express, 5, 18151821 (2015)  Full text  View at publisher
 T.W. Koh, J. A. Spechler, K. M. Lee, C. B. Arnold, and B. R. Rand, "Enhanced outcoupling in organic light emitting diodes via a highindex contrast scattering layer,"ACS Photonics, 2, 1366 (2015)  Full text  View at publisher
 R. W. Smaha, J. H. Roudebush, J. T. Herb, E. M. Seibel, J. W. Krizan, G. M. Fox, Q. Huang, C. B. Arnold, and R. J. Cava, "Tuning Sodium Ion Conductivity in the Layered Honeycomb Oxide Na_{3–x}Sn_{2–x}Sb_{x}NaO_{6}," Inorg. Chem, 54, 7985–7991 (2015)  Full text  View at publisher
 G. Y. Gor, J. Cannarella, C. Z. Leng, A. Vishnyakov, and C. B. Arnold, "Swelling and softening of lithiumion battery separators in electrolyte solvents," J. Power Sources, 294, 167172 (2015)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. Cannarella and C. B. Arnold, "The Effects of Defects on Localized Plating in LithiumIon
Batteries," J. Electrochem. Soc., 162, A1365A1373 (2015)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. A. Spechler, K. A. Nagamatsu, J. C. Sturm, and C. B. Arnold, "Improved Efficiency of Hybrid Organic Photovoltaics by Pulsed Laser Sintering of Silver Nanowire Network Transparent Electrode," ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 7, 10556–10562 (2015)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. T. Herb, C. NistLund, J. Schwartz, and C. B. Arnold, "Structural Effects of Magnesium Dialkoxides as Precursors for MagnesiumIon Electrolytes," ECS Electrochem. Lett., 4, A49 (2015)  Full text  View at publisher
 C. F. Brasz, C. B. Arnold, H. A. Stone, and J. R. Lister, "Earlytime freesurface flow driven by a deforming boundary," J. Fluid. Mech , 767, 811841 (2015)  Full text  View at publisher
 K. Shepard, D. Christie, C. Sosa, C.B. Arnold, R. D. Priestley, "Patchy Janus particles with tunable roughness and composition via vaporassisted deposition of macromolecules," Appl. Phys. Lett., 106, 093104 (2015)  Full text  View at publisher
 C. F. Brasz, J. H. Yang, and C. B. Arnold, "Tilting of adjacent laserinduced liquid jets," Microfluid. Nanofluid., 18, 185197 (2015)  Full text  View at publisher
2014
 C. Lu, J. M. P. Almeida, N. Yao, and C. B. Arnold, "Fabrication of uniformly dispersed nanoparticledoped chalcogenide glass," Appl. Phys. Lett., 105, 261906 (2014)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. Mills, J. Cannarella, Q. Zhang, S. Bhadra, C. B. Arnold, and S. Y. Chou, “Silicon nanopillar anodes for lithiumion batteries using nanoimprint lithography with flexible molds,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol., B, 161, 30653071 (2014)  Full text  View at publisher
 G. Y. Gor, J. Cannarella, J. H. Prevost, and C. B. Arnold, “A Model for the Behavior of Battery Separators in Compression at Different Strain/Charge Rates,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 161, 30653071 (2014)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. Cannarella, X. Liu, C.Z. Leng, P. D. Sinko, G. Y. Gor, and C.B. Arnold, “Mechanical properties of a battery separator under compression and tension,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 161, 31173122 (2014)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. Cannarella, C. Z. Leng, and C. B. Arnold, "On the coupling between stress and voltage in lithiumion pouch cells," Proc. SPIE, 9115, 91150K (2014)  Full text  View at publisher
 K. B. Shepard, C. B. Arnold, and R. D. Priestley, “Transport and Stability of LaserDeposited Amorphous Polymer Nanoglobules,” ACS Macro Lett., 3, 10461050 (2014)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. Cannarella and C. B. Arnold, "State of health and charge measurements in lithiumion batteries using mechanical stress," J. Power Sources, 269, 714 (2014)  Full text  View at publisher
 Y. Zha, P. T. Lin, L. Kimerling, A. Agarwal, C. B. Arnold, "InvertedRib Chalcogenide Waveguides by Solution Process," ACS Photonics, 1, 153157 (2014)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. Cannarella and C. B. Arnold, "Stress evolution and capacity fade in constrained lithiumion pouch cells," J. Power Sources, 246, 745751 (2014)  Full text  View at publisher
2013
 K. Shepard, C. B. Arnold, R. Priestley, “Origins of nanostructure in amorphous polymer coatings via MAPLE,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 103, 123105 (2013)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. Krieger, J. Cannarella, and C. B. Arnold, “A comparison of leadacid and lithiumbased battery behavior and capacity fade in offgrid renewable charging applications,” Energy, 60, 492500 (2013)  Full text  View at publisher
 C. Lu, D. Recht, and C. B. Arnold, “Generalized model for photoinduced surface structure in amorphous thin films,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 111, 105503 (2013)  Full text  View at publisher
 Y. Zha, M. Waldmann, and C. B. Arnold, “A review on solution processing of chalcogenide glasses for optical components,” Opt. Mat. Exp., 3, 12591272 (2013)  Full text  View at publisher
 Y. Tsai, R. Fardel, M.M. Panczyk, E. M. Furst, and C.B. Arnold, “Nonspherical particles for optical trap assisted nanopatterning,” Nanotech., 24, 375303 (2013)  Full text  View at publisher
 K.H. Leitz, Y.C. Tsai, F. Flad, E. Schaffer, U. Quentin, I. Alexeev, R. Fardel, C. B. Arnold, and M. Schmidt, “Multiphoton polymerization using optical trap assisted nanopatterning,” Appl. Phys. Lett, 102 243108 (2013).  Full text  View at publisher
 Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. Cantrell, and C. B. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solutionprocessed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non. Cryst. Sol, 369 1116 (2013).  Full text  View at publisher
 Y. Zha and C. B. Arnold, “Solutionprocessing of Thick ChalcogenideChalcogenide and MetalChalcogenide Structures by Spincoating and Multilayer Lamination,” Opt. Mat. Exp., 3 309317 (2013).  Full text  View at publisher
 M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Enhanced depth of field laser processing using an ultrahighspeed axial scanner,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 102 0611137 (2013)  Full text  View at publisher
 M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Transient response in ultrahigh speed liquid lenses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 46, 07510209 (2013)  Full text  View at publisher
 R. Fardel, Y.C. Tsai, and C. B. Arnold, “Microbead dynamics in optical trap assisted nanopatterning," Applied Physics A 112, 23–28 (2013)  Full text  View at publisher
 K. Shepard, Y. Guo, C. B. Arnold, and R. Priestley, “Nanostructured Morphology of Polymer Films Prepared by Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation," Applied Physics A, 110, 7717 (2013)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. Cannarella and C. B. Arnold, “Ion transport restriction in mechanically strained separator membranes,” J. Power Sources, 226, 149155 (2013)  Full text  View at publisher
2012
 Y.Tsai, KH. Leitz, R. Fardel, M.Schmidt, and C. B. Arnold, “Generating nanostructures with multiphoton absorption polymerization using optical trap assisted nanopatterning,” Physics Procedia, 39, 669673 (2012)  Full text  View at publisher
 M. S. Brown, C. F. Brasz, Y. Ventikos, and C. B. Arnold, "Impulsively actuated jets from thin liquid films for highresolution printing applications," J. Fluid Mech., 709, 34170 (2012)  Full text  View at publisher
 M. Waldmann, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and C. B. Arnold, "Structural properties of solution processed Ge_{23}Sb_{7}S_{70} glass materials," J. Mater. Chem., 22, 1784817852 (2012)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. A. Spechler and C. B. Arnold, "Directwrite pulsed laser processed silver nanowire networks for transparent conducting electrodes," Appl. Phys. A, 108, 2528  Full text  View at publisher
 M. Duocastella, B. Sun, and C. B. Arnold, "Simultaneous imaging of multiple focal planes for threedimensional microscopy using ultrahighspeed adaptive optics," J. Biomed. Opt., 17, 050505 (2012)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. M. Krieger and C. B. Arnold, "Effects of undercharge and internal loss on the rate dependence of battery charge storage efficiency," J. Power Sources, 210, 286291 (2012)  Full text  View at publisher
 Y.C. Tsai, K.H. Leitz, R. Fardel, A. Otto, M. Schmidt, and C. B. Arnold, "Parallel optical trap assisted nanopatterning on rough surfaces," Nanotech., 23, 165304 (2012)  Full text  View at publisher
 Y. Guo, A. Morozov, D. Schneider, J. W. Chung, C. Zhang, M. Waldmann, N. Yao, G. Fytas, C. B. Arnold, and R. D. Priestley, "Ultrastable nanostructured polymer glasses," Nature Materials, 11, 337343 (2012)  Full text  View at publisher
 M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Bessel and annular beams for materials processing,” Laser Photonics Rev., 6, 607–621 (2012)  Full text  View at publisher
2011
 N. T. Kattamis, M. S. Brown, and C. B. Arnold, “Finite element analysis of blister formation in laserinduced forward transfer,” J. Mater. Res., 26, 24382449 (2011)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. Chen, R.A. Bly, M.M. Saad, M. A. Al Khodary, R. M. ElBackly, D. J. Cohen, N. Kattamis, M. M. Fatta, W. A. Moore, C. B. Arnold, M.K. Marei, and W. O. Soboyejo, “Invivo study of adhesion and bone growth around implanted laser groove/RGDfunctionalized Ti6Al4V pins in rabbit femurs,” Mat. Sci. Eng. C., 31, 826832 (2011)  Full text  View at publisher
 C. Peabody, and C. B. Arnold, "The Role of MechanicallyInduced Separator Creep in Lithiumion Battery Capacity Fade” J. Power Sources, 196, 8147– 8153 (2011)  Full text  View at publisher
 Y.C. Tsai, R. Fardel, and C. B. Arnold, “Nanopatterning on rough surfaces using optically trapped microspheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 233110 (2011)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. Sanchez, M. Waldmann, and C. B. Arnold, “Chalcogenide glass microlenses fabricated by inkjet printing,” Appl. Opt. 50, 19741978 (2011)  Full text  View at publisher
 M. S. Brown, N. T. Kattamis, and C. B. Arnold, “Timeresolved dynamics of laser induced microjets from thin liquid films,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 11, 199207 (2011)  Full text  View at publisher
 N. T. Kattamis, N. D. McDaniel, S. Bernhard, and C. B. Arnold, “Ambient laser directwrite printing of a patterned organometallic electroluminescent device” Organic Electronics, 12, 11521158 (2011)  Full text  View at publisher
 A. Atre and C. B. Arnold, “Texturing of LiCoO2 Through Laser Induced Forward Transfer for Printed Microbatteries”, in Laserbased micro and nanopackaging and assembly, ed. W. Pfleging, Y. Lu, and K. Washio, International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 7921, 792122 (2011)  Full text
 J. Kawasaki, and C. B. Arnold, “Synthesis of platinum dendrites and nanowires via directed electrochemical nanowire assembly,” Nano Lett., 11, 781785 (2011)  Full text  View at publisher
 R. Fardel, Y. Tsai, and C. B. Arnold, “Selfpositioning effects in optical trap assisted nanopatterning”, Proceedings of 2011 NSF Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, (2011) (nonreferreed meeting paper)
2010
 C. Tsay, Y. Zha, and C. B. Arnold , “Solutionprocessed chalcogenide glass for integrated singlemode midinfrared waveguides,”
Opt. Exp. 18, 2674426753 (2010)  Full text  View at publisher
 T. D. Nguyen, J. M. Nagarah, Y. Qi, S. S. Nonnenmann, A. V. Morozov, S. Li, C. B. Arnold, M. C. McAlpine, “Waferscale nanopatterning and translation into highperformance piezoelectric nanowires,” Nanolett. 10, 45954599 (2010)  Full text  View at publisher
 C. Tsay, F. Toor, C. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Chalcogenide glass waveguides integrated with quantum cascade lasers for on chip midIR photonic circuits,” Opt. Lett. 35, 33243326 (2010)  Full text  View at publisher
 S. C. C. Bailey, G. J. Kunkel, M. Hultmark, M. Vallikivi, J. P. Hill, K. A. Meyer, C. Tsay, C. B. Arnold and A. J. Smits, "Turbulence measurements using a nanoscale thermal anemometry probe," J. Fluid Mech 663, 160179 (2010)  Full text  View at publisher
 C. Tsay, E. Mujagic, C. K. Madsen, C. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “MidInfrared characterization of solution processed As2S3 chalcogenide glass waveguides”, Opt. Exp 18, 1552315530 (2010)  Full text  View at publisher
 X. Xia, Q. Chen, C. Tsay, C. B. Arnold, and C. K. Madsen, “Lowloss chalcogenide waveguides on lithium niobate for the midinfrared” Opt. Lett. 35, 32283230 (2010)  Full text  View at publisher
 Y. Tsai, R. Fardel, and C. B. Arnold, “Generating submicron features on rough surfaces using optical trap assisted nanopatterning” AIP Proceedings 1278, 457464 (2010)  Full text  View at publisher
 R. Fardel, E. McLeod, Y. Tsai, and C. B. Arnold, “Nanoscale ablation through optically trapped microspheres” Appl. Phys. A. 101, 4146 (2010)  Full text  View at publisher
 M. S. Brown, N. T. Kattamis, and C. B. Arnold, "Time resolved study of polyimide absorption layers for blister actuated laser induced forward transfer," J. Appl. Phys, 107, 083103 (2010)  Full text  View at publisher

S. Song, J. Dua, and C. B. Arnold, “Influence of annealing conditions on the optical and structural properties of spin coated As_{2}S_{3} chalcogenide glass films,” Opt. Exp. 18, 54725480 (2010)  Full text  View at publisher
2009
 N. Olivier, A. MermillodBlondin, C. B. Arnold, and E. Beaurepaire, “Two photon microscopy with simultaneous standard and extended depth of field using an acoustic gradient index lens”, Opt. Lett., 34, 16841686 (2009)  Full text  View at publisher
 N. Kattamis, N. McDaniel, S. Bernhard, and C. B. Arnold, “Laser directwrite printing of sensitive and robust light emitting organic molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103306 (2009)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. Mcleod and C. B. Arnold, “Arraybased optical nanolithography using laser trapped microlenses,” Optics Express, 17, 36403650 (2009)  Full text  View at publisher
 S. Song, N. Carlie, J. Boudies, L. Petit, K. Richardson, and C. B. Arnold, “Spin coating of Ge_{23}Sb_{7}S_{70} chalcogenide glass thin films,” J. Non. Cryst. Sol. 355, 22722278 (2009)  Full text  View at publisher
 J. Chen, J.P. Ulerich, E. Abelev, A. Fasasi, C.B. Arnold and W.O. Soboyejo, “An investigation of the initial attachment and orientation of osteoblastlike cells on laser grooved Ti6Al4V surfaces,” Mat. Sci. Eng. C 29, 14421452 (2009)  Full text  View at publisher
 A. Y. Fasasi, S. Mwenifumbo, N. Rahbar, J. Chen, M. Li, A. C. Beye, C. B. Arnold, and W. O. Soboyejo, “Nanosecond UV laser processed microgrooves on Ti6Al4V for biomedical applications,” Mat. Sci. Eng. C 29, 513 (2009)  Full text  View at publisher
2008
 J. Joy*, E. McLeod, C. B. Arnold, “Optical trap assisted nanoscale laser direct write patterning,” in Press, 27th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and ElectroOptics Proceedings (2008) (nonrefereed meeting paper)  Full text
 A. MermillodBlondin, E. McLeod, and C. B. Arnold, “Highspeed varifocal imaging with a tunable acoustic gradient index of refraction lens,” Opt. Lett. 33, 21462148 (2008)  Full text  View at publisher
 A. MermillodBlondin, E. McLeod, and C. B. Arnold, “Dynamic pulsedbeam shaping using a TAG lens in the near UV,” Appl. Phys. A. 93, 231234 (2008)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. McLeod and C. B. Arnold, “Optical analysis of timeaveraged multiscale Bessel beams generated by a tunable acoustic gradient index of refraction lens”, Appl. Opt. 47, 36093618 (2008)  Full text  View at publisher
 E. McLeod and C. B. Arnold, “Subwavelength directwrite nanopatterning using optically trapped microspheres,” Nature Nanotechnology, 3, 413417(2008)  Full text  View at publisher
 T. Lipp*, A. MermillodBlondin, E. McLeod, C. B. Arnold, “Rapid beamshaping and focusing using tunable acoustic gradient index lenses,” in 21^{st} Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review Technical Digest, 711 (2008) (nonrefereed meeting paper)  Full text
2007
 C. B. Arnold and E. McLeod, “A new approach to adaptive optics for materials processing: Acoustooptic beam shaping brings a new dimension to adaptive optics,” Photonics Spectra, 41(11), 7884 (2007) (invited)  Full text
 N. Kattamis, P. Purnick, R. Weiss, and C. B. Arnold, “Thickfilm laser induced forward transfer for deposition of thermally and mechanically delicate materials,” Appl Phys. Lett. 91, 171120 (2007)  Full text
 E. McLeod and C. B. Arnold, “Mechanics and refractive power optimization of tunable acoustic gradient lenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 033104:19 (2007)  Full text
 J. Ulerich*, L. Ionescu*, J. Chen, W. O. Soboyejo, C. B. Arnold, “Modifications of Ti6Al4V Surfaces by DirectWrite Laser Machining of Linear Grooves,” in Photon Processing in Microelectronics and Photonics VI, ed. C. B. Arnold et al., International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE) 6458, 645819 (2007)  Full text
 E. McLeod and C. B. Arnold, “Complex beam sculpting with tunable acoustic gradient index lenses,” in Complex Light and Optical Forces, ed. D. L. Andrews, International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE) 6483, 64830I (2007)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold and A. Piqué, “Laser Directwrite Processing,” MRS Bulletin, 32, 911 (2007)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold, P. Serra, and A. Piqué, “Laser directwrite of complex materials,” MRS Bulletin, 32, 2331(2007)  Full text

2006
 G. Kunkel, C. B. Arnold, and A. Smits, “Development of NSTAP: Nanoscale Thermal Anemometry Probe,” in Proceedings of the 36th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference, AIAA20063718, (2006) (nonrefereed meeting paper)  Full text
 E. McLeod, A. B. Hopkins*, and C. B. Arnold, “Multiscale Bessel beams generated by a tunable acoustic gradient index of refraction lens,” Opt. Lett, 31, 31553157 (2006)  Full text
 T. Tsai*, E. McLeod, and C. B. Arnold, “Generating Bessel beams with a tunable acoustic gradient index of refraction lens,” in Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation III, eds. K. Dholakia and G. Spalding, International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 6326, 63261F (2006)  Full text
 S. Song, S. Howard, Z. Liu, C. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode shifting of quantum cascade laser through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett, 89, 041115 (2006)  Full text
 T. E. Sutto, M. Ollinger, H. Kim, C. B. Arnold, A. Piqué, “Laser transferable polymerionic liquid separator/electrolytes for solidstate rechargeable lithium ion microbatteries,” Electrochem. Solid St. Lett, 9, A6971 (2006). Also appeared in Virtual Journal of Nanoscience and Technology, 12, issue 26 (2006) http://www.vjnano.org  Full text
2005
 C. B. Arnold, and M. J. Aziz, “Unified kinetic model of dopant segregation during vaporphase growth,” Phys. Rev. B. 72, 195419:117 (2005). Also appeared in Virtual Journal of Nanoscience and Technology, 12, issue 23 (2005) http://www.vjnano.org  Full text
 D. L. Recht*, Z. Liu, K. Rahman, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Quantum cascade lasers tuned by amorphous As_{2}S_{3} claddings,” in Photon Processing in Microelectronics and Photonics IV, eds. J. Fieret, P. R. Herman, T. Okada, C. B. Arnold, et al., International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 5713, 293299 (2005)  Full text
 A. Piqué, B. Pratap, S. A. Matthews, B. J. Karns, R. C. Auyeung, M. Kasser*, M. Ollinger, H. Kim, S. Lakeou, and C. B. Arnold, “Laserdirectwrite of embedded electronic components and circuits,” in Photon Processing in Microelectronics and Photonics IV, eds. J. Fieret, P. R. Herman, T. Okada, C. B. Arnold, et al., International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 5713, 223230 (2005)  Full text
2004
 C. B. Arnold, T. Sutto, H. Kim, and A. Piqué, “Directwrite laser processing for miniature electrochemical systems,” Laser Focus World, 40, 912 (2004) (Invited)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold, H. Kim, M. Ollinger, T. E. Sutto, and A. Piqué, “Manufacture of mesoscale energy storage systems by laserdirectwrite,” in Laser Precision Microfabrication,
eds. I. Miyamoto, H. Helvajian, K. Itoh, K. F. Kobayashi, A. Ostendorf,
and K. Sugioka, International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 5662, 555563 (2004) (Invited)  Full text
 A. Piqué, S. A. Mathews, R. C. Auyueng, M. Ollinger, H. Kim, B. Pratap, and C. B. Arnold, “Applications of laser directwrite for embedding electronic and micropower components,”
eds. I. Miyamoto, H. Helvajian, K. Itoh, K. F. Kobayashi, A. Ostendorf,
and K. Sugioka, International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 5662, 564569 (2004)  Full text
 H. Kim, G. Kushto, C. B. Arnold, Z. H. Kafafi, and A. Piqué, “Laser processing of TiO2 films for dye sensitized solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 85, 464466 (2004)  Full text
 A. Piqué, C. B. Arnold, H. Kim, M. Ollinger, and T. E. Sutto, “Rapid prototyping of micropower sources by laser directwrite,” Appl. Phys. A, 79, 783786 (2004)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold, H. Kim, and A. Piqué, “Laser transferred primary alkaline microbatteries,” Appl. Phys. A, 79, 417420 (2004)  Full text
 A. Piqué, R. C. Y. Auyeung, M. W. Nurnberger, D. J. Wendland, C. B. Arnold, A. R. Abbott and L. C. Schuette, “Rapid prototyping of conformal antenna structures,” NRL Review (2004)(invited)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold, B. Pratap, A. Piqué, A. B. Geltmacher, and J. P. Thomas, “Laser micromachined defect arrays for DC potential drop fatigue studies,” in Photon Processing in Microelectronics and Photonics III, eds. Herman et al., International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 5339, 298303 (2004)  Full text
 H. Kim, A. Piqué, G. H. Kushto, R. C. Y. Auyeung, S. H. Lee, C. B. Arnold, and Z. H. Kafafi, “Dye sensitized solar cells using laser processing techniques,” in Photon Processing in Microelectronics and Photonics III, eds. Herman et al., International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 5339, 348356 (2004)  Full text
 R. C. Y. Auyeung, M. W. Nurnberger, D. J. Wentland, A. Piqué, C. B. Arnold, A. R. Abbott, and L. C. Schuette, “Laser fabrication of GPS conformal antennas,” in Photon Processing in Microelectronics and Photonics III, eds. Herman et al., International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 5339, 292297 (2004)  Full text
 R. C. Wartena, A. E. Curtright, C. B. Arnold, A. Piqué, and K. E. SwiderLyons, “Liion microbatteries generated by laser directwrite,” Journal of Power Sources, 126, 193202 (2004)  Full text
2003
 C. B. Arnold, R. C. Wartena, K. E. SwiderLyons, and A. Piqué, “Directwrite of planar microultracapacitors by laser engineering,” Journal of Electrochemical Society, 150, A571A575 (2003) *(Paper was featured on journal web site as sample article)  Full text
 A. Piqué, C. B. Arnold, R. C. Wartena, B. Pratap, B. Shashishekar, K. E. SwiderLyons, D. W. Weir, and R. A. Kant, “Laser directwrite of miniature sensor and microbattery systems,” RIKEN Review, 50, 5762 (2003)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold and M. J. Aziz, “Kinetic
modeling of dopant and impurity surface segregation during vaporphase
growth of semiconductor thin films: multiple mechanism approach,” in Morphological and Compositional Evolution of Thin Films, eds. N. Bartelt, M. J. Aziz, I. Berbezier, J. B. Hannon, and S. Hearne, Materials Research Society Proceedings, 749, W14.3.17 (2003)  Full text
 A. Piqué, R. C. Y. Auyeung, J. L. Stepnowski, D. W. Weir, C. B. Arnold, R. A. McGill, and D. B. Chrisey, “Laser processing of polymer thin films for chemical sensor applications,” Surface and Coatings Technology 163, 293299 (2003)  Full text
 A. Piqué, C. B. Arnold, B. Pratap, R. C. Y. Auyeung, and H. Kim, “Laser directwrite of metal patterns for interconnects and antennas,” in Photon Processing in Microelectronics and Photonics II, eds. Piqué et al., International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 4977, 602608 (2003)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold, R. C. Wartena, K. E. SwiderLyons, and A. Piqué, “Fabrication of mesoscale energy storage systems by laser directwrite,” in Rapid Prototyping Technologies, eds. A. Holmes, A. Piqué, and D. B. Dimos, Materials Research Society Proceedings, 758, 101112 (2003)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold and A. Piqué, “Laser directwrite of alkaline microbatteries,” in Rapid Prototyping Technologies, eds. A. Holmes, A. Piqué, and D. B. Dimos, Materials Research Society Proceedings, 758, 119126 (2003)  Full text
 B. Pratap, C. B. Arnold, and A. Piqué, “Depth and surface roughness control on laser micromachined polyimide for directwrite deposition,” in Micromachining and Microfabrication Process Technology VIII, eds. J. A. Yasaitis, M. PerezMaher, and J. M. Karam, International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 4979, 217226 (2003)  Full text
2002
 K. E. SwiderLyons, A. Piqué, C. B. Arnold, and R. C. Wartena, “Batteries: directwrite microbatteries for microelectronic devices,” Encyclopedia of Materials Science (2002) (Invited)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold, K. E. SwiderLyons, A. Piqué, “Laser transferred hydrous ruthenium oxide electrodes for microultracapacitors,” in Micropower and Microdevices, Electrochemical Society, PV200225, 5260 (2002)  Full text
 R. C. Wartena, C. B. Arnold, A. Piqué, and K. E. SwiderLyons, “Laser
engineered lithiumion batteries for custom micropower requirements,”
in Micropower and Microdevices, Electrochemical Society, PV200225, 1624 (2002)  Full text
 A. Piqué, C. B. Arnold, R. C. Wartena, D. W. Weir, B. Pratap, K. E. SwiderLyons, R. A. Kant, and D. B. Chrisey, “Laserinduced forward transfer directwrite of miniature sensor and microbattery systems,” in Third International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication,
eds. I. Miyamoto, K. F. Kobayashi, K. Sugioka, R. Poprawe, H.
Helvajian, International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 4830, 182188 (2002)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold, R. C. Wartena, B. Pratap, K. E. SwiderLyons, and A. Piqué, “Direct writing of planar ultracapacitors by laser forward transfer processing,” in Photon Processing in Microelectronic and Photonics,
eds. J. J. Dubowski, K. Sugioka, M. C. Gower, R. F. Haglund, A. Piqué,
and F. Traeger, International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 4637, 353360 (2002)  Full text
 A. Piqué, D. W. Weir, P. K. Wu, B. Pratap, C. B. Arnold, B. R.
Ringeisen, R. A. McGill, R. C. Y. Auyeung, R. A. Kant, and D. B.
Chrisey, “Directwrite of sensor devices by a laser forward transfer technique,” in Photon Processing in Microelectronic and Photonics,
eds. J. J. Dubowski, K. Sugioka, M. C. Gower, R. F. Haglund, A. Piqué,
and F. Traeger, International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 4637, 361368 (2002)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold, R. C. Wartena, B. Pratap, K. E. SwiderLyons, and A. Piqué, “Laser direct writing of hydrous ruthenium dioxide micropseudocapacitors,” in Electroactive Polymers and Rapid Prototyping, eds. D. B. Chrisey and S. C. Danforth, Materials Research Society Proceedings, 689, 275280 (2002)  Full text
 K. E. SwiderLyons, A. Piqué, C. B. Arnold, and R. C. Wartena, “Directwrite microbatteries for nextgeneration microelectronic devices,” in Electroactive Polymers and Rapid Prototyping, eds. D. B. Chrisey and S. C. Danforth, Materials Research Society Proceedings, 689, 265275 (2002)  Full text
2001 and older
 C. B. Arnold and M. J. Aziz, “Model for dopant and impurity segregation in vapor phase growth,” in Growth, Evolution and Properties of Surfaces, Thin Films and SelfOrganized Structures, ed. S. C. Moss, Materials Research Society Proceedings, 648 P3.11.17 (2001)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold and M. J. Aziz, “Stoichiometry issues in pulsedlaser deposition of alloys grown from multicomponent targets,” Appl. Phys. A, 69, 2327 (1999)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold, M. J. Aziz, M. Schwarz, and D. M. Herlach, “Parameterfree test of alloy dendritegrowth theory,” Phys. Rev. B, 59, 334343 (1999)  Full text
 M. Schwarz, C. B. Arnold, M. J. Aziz, and D. M. Herlach, “Dendritic growth velocity and diffusive speed in solidification of undercooled dilute NiZr melts,” Mat. Sci. Eng. A, 226, 420424 (1997)  Full text
 B. J. Gluckman, C. B. Arnold, and J. P. Gollub, “Statistical studies of chaotic wave patterns,” Phys. Rev. E, 51, 11281147 (1995)  Full text
 C. B. Arnold, B. J. Gluckman, and J. P. Gollub, “Statistical averages of chaotically evolving patterns,” in Spatiotemporal Patterns in Nonequilibrium Complex Systems, eds. P. E. Cladis and P. PalffyMulhoray, 545552 (1994)  Full text
Book chapters
 E. Turkoz, R. Fardel, and C. B. Arnold, “Advances in BlisterActuated LaserInduced Forward Transfer (BALIFT),” in Laser Printing of Functional Materials: 3D Microfabriction, Electronics and Biomedicine, ed. Alberto Pique and Pere Serra, WileyVCH, Chapter 5, 91117 (2018)  Chapter full text
 M. Brown and C. B. Arnold, “Fundamentals of LaserMaterial Interaction
and Application to Multiscale Surface Modification,” in Laser Precision Fabrication, ed. K. Sugioka et al., Springer, Chapter 4, 91121 (2010)  Chapter full text
 A. Piqué, H. Kim, and C. B. Arnold, “Laser forward transfer of electronic and power generating materials,” in Laser Ablation and Applications, ed. C. Phipps, Springer, Chapter 14, 339373 (2006) Chapter full text
Patents
 C. B. Arnold, E. McLeod, and A. MermillodBlondin, “Tunable acoustic gradient index of refraction lens and system”, US Patent #8,576,478 (November 5, 2013)
 C. B. Arnold, E. McLeod, and A. MermillodBlondin, “Tunable acoustic gradient index of refraction lens and system“ US Patent # 8,194,307 (June 5, 2012)
 C. B. Arnold, and A. Piqué, “SelfFilling Wet Electrochemical Cells by Laser Processing,” US Patent #7,427,359 (September 23, 2008)
 C. B. Arnold, A. Piqué, R. Auyeung, and M. Nurnberger, “Laserbased Technique for Producing and Embedding Electrochemical Cells and Electronic Components Directly into Circuit Board Materials,” US Patent #6,986,199 (January 17, 2006)